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What is Diabetes

Diabetes currently affects 246 million people worldwide and is expected to affect 380 million by 2025.1 Even though diabetes affects nearly 4% of the world’s population,2 many people know very little about the disease.

There are 2 primary types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system destroys the beta cells in the pancreas that create insulin. As a result, the body makes very little or no insulin of its own. People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin daily. Type 1 diabetes is sometimes called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes.
  • Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not make enough insulin, or the body cannot properly use the insulin it does create. Eventually, the pancreas may stop producing insulin altogether. Type 2 diabetes can affect people at any age. In both men and women, the more overweight an individual is, the greater the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.3

1 International Diabetes Federation. Did you know? Available at: http://www.idf.org/home/index.cfm?node=264. Accessed October 16, 2008.
2 US Census Bureau. World Population Clock Projection. Available at: http://www.census.gov/ipc/www/popclockworld.html. Accessed October 16, 2008. Estimated world population is 6.8 billion.
3 International Diabetes Federation. Fact Sheet Diabetes and Obesity. Available at: http://www.idf.org/home/index.cfm?node=1207. Accessed November 13, 2008.

 

A hormone produced in the beta cells in the pancreas. The body uses insulin to let glucose enter cells, where it is used for energy.

Now known as type 1 diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces no insulin or extremely small amounts. People with type 1 need to take insulin injections in order to live.

Now known as type 1 diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces no insulin or extremely small amounts. People with type 1 need to take insulin injections in order to live.

Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia occurs when your blood sugar drops too low.

The body responds to low blood sugar with warning signs that may be different in each person. Some warning signs of low blood sugar are feeling:

  • Weak
  • Shaky
  • Irritable or confused.

Low blood sugar may occur if your meal or snack is delayed or missed, after vigorous physical activity, or if too much insulin is given. In a person without diabetes, the pancreas will stop producing insulin if the blood sugar level falls below normal. In a person with diabetes, the insulin they inject keeps working, even when the blood sugar level is low.

Low blood sugar may be caused by the following:

  • Not following your meal plan
  • Too much exercise or exercising for a long time without eating a snack
  • Too much medication or a change in the time you take your medication
  • Stress
  • Side effects from other medications
  • Alcohol intake, especially without food

Regular testing may help you avoid hypoglycemia. It is important to check your blood sugar often. If untreated, hypoglycemia can cause serious effects, such as seizures or fainting.

Someone who is having seizures or who has passed out will need help from others. People at this severe stage will need an immediate glucagon injection. A healthcare professional must prescribe glucagon and show you and your loved ones how to prepare and inject glucagon.

 

A hormone produced by the alpha cells of the pancreas which increases blood sugar levels. Glucagon can also be administered to people with diabetes who are having severe low blood sugar episodes.

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My active meal planner and My active recipe box

To achieve better blood glucose results, one of the things you need to do is plan your meals accordingly. Click here to find out how My active meal planner and My active recipe box can help you. To use the tools, please be prepared to enter your Accu-Chek Active serial number.

Accu-Chek 360° View

Accu-Chek 360° View is an easy-to understand, paper-based blood glucose analysis tool following the idea of structured testing. It turns glucose data into actionable health information enabling you to integrate the glucose readings into your daily life and allowing your physician to evaluate and adapt therapy.

Accu-Chek ClubAccu-Chek Club

Join the Accu-Chek Club to receive news and updates on Accu-Chek products, diabetes management and events.

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